How to Recover InnoDB MySQL Table Data from ibdata and .frm Files

by Santosh Yadav on April 14, 2014

This tutorial explains how to restore MySQL tables when all or some of the tables are lost, or when MySQL fails to load table data.

One of the reason for this to happen is when the table data is corrupted.

In this particular scenario, when you connect to the MySQL database server, you cannot see one more tables, as they are missing.

Under this scenario, the MySQL log file contained the following messages:

InnoDB: Error: log file ./ib_logfile0 is of different size 0 50331648 bytes
InnoDB: than specified in the .cnf file 0 5242880 bytes!
[ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.
[ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.
[ERROR] Unknown/unsupported storage engine: InnoDB
[ERROR] Aborting

The method explained below will work only for InnoDB database.

Note: Before you do anything, take a backup of all the MySQL files and database in the current condition, and keep it somewhere safe.

To restore the table data you have make sure that data directory and its contents are intact. In my case it was fine.

drwx------ 2 mysql mysql     4096 Oct 11  2012 performance_schema
drwx------ 2 mysql mysql     4096 Dec 10  2012 ndbinfo
drwx--x--x 2 mysql mysql     4096 Dec 10  2012 mysql
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql mysql       56 Dec 19  2012 auto.cnf
drwx------ 2 mysql mysql     4096 Jul 30  2013 bugs
-rw-r----- 1 mysql mysql 50331648 Mar 18 10:35 ib_logfile0
-rw-r----- 1 mysql mysql 50331648 Apr 22  2013 ib_logfile1
-rw-r----- 1 mysql mysql 35651584 Mar 18 10:35 ibdata1
..
  • Ibdata1 – This file is the InnoDB system table space, which contains multiple InnoDB tables and associated indexes.
  • *.frm – Holds metadata information for all MySQL tables. These files are located inside the folder of the corresponding MySQL database. (for example, inside “bugs” directory)
  • ib_logfile* – All data changes are written into these log files. This is similar to the archive logs concepts that we find in other RDBMS databases.

Copy the Files

To restore the data from the above files, first stop the MySQL server.

# service mysqld stop

Copy the ibdata files, and the database schema folder to some other directory. We will use this to restore our Mysql database. In this case, we’ll copy it to the /tmp directory. The name of the database scheme in this example is bugs.

cp –r ibdata* ib_logfile* /tmp

cp –r schema_name/  /tmp/schema_name/

Start the MySQL server:

# service mysqld start

On a related note, for a typical MySQL database backup and restore, you should use the mysqldump command.

Restore the Data

Next, restore the table data as explained below.

In the my.cnf configuration file, set the value of the following parameter to the current size of the ib_logfile0 file. In the following example, I’ve set it to 48M, as that is the size I see for the ib_logfile0 file when I did “ls -lh ib_logfile0″

innodb_log_file_size=48M

Please note that both the ib_logfile0 and ib_logfile1 file size will be the same.

Copy the previous ibdata files to respective position, inside mysql data directory.

cp –r /tmp/ibdata* /var/lib/mysql/

Create an empty folder inside data directory with the same name as the database schema name that you are trying to restore, and copy the previous .frm files inside this folder as shown below:

cp –r /tmp/ib_logfile* /var/lib/mysql/
cp –r /tmp/schema_name/*.frm /var/lib/mysql/schema_name/

Finally, restart the MySQL server.

service mysqld restart

Now you have MySQL server running with the restored tables. Don’t forget to grant appropriate privileges for the clients to connect to the MySQL database.


Linux Sysadmin Course Linux provides several powerful administrative tools and utilities which will help you to manage your systems effectively. If you don’t know what these tools are and how to use them, you could be spending lot of time trying to perform even the basic administrative tasks. The focus of this course is to help you understand system administration tools, which will help you to become an effective Linux system administrator.
Get the Linux Sysadmin Course Now!

If you enjoyed this article, you might also like..

  1. 50 Linux Sysadmin Tutorials
  2. 50 Most Frequently Used Linux Commands (With Examples)
  3. Top 25 Best Linux Performance Monitoring and Debugging Tools
  4. Mommy, I found it! – 15 Practical Linux Find Command Examples
  5. Linux 101 Hacks 2nd Edition eBook Linux 101 Hacks Book

Bash 101 Hacks Book Sed and Awk 101 Hacks Book Nagios Core 3 Book Vim 101 Hacks Book

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

1 Pravin khavate July 23, 2014 at 11:36 pm

Thanks ……
It’s really good solution. Worked for us.

2 Eureka November 19, 2014 at 10:17 am

After days of googling and frustration, I can finally restore my database. Thanks!!

Leave a Comment

Previous post:

Next post: