Sometimes Unix system administrators may end-up managing few Windows servers. If that ever happens to you, be prepared to do some basic administrative tasks on Windows. In this article, let us discuss how to sign microsoft executables and DLL.
Why digitally sign executable and other windows files?
You will get the following ‘Unknown Publisher’ message when a file is not digitally signed.
If you select the file -> right-mouse click -> properties -> There will not be a ‘Digital Signature’ tab for those files that are not signed.
Purchase Microsoft Authenticode Certificates
During the purchase process, you’ll provide the following information:
- Certification Information: Company name, Department, City, State, Country
- Cryptographic service provider: Use the default Microsoft Enhanced Cryptographic Provider v1.0
- Location to save the private key: During the certificate purchase process, you will be given an option to save the private key that was generated by the system.
- Private key password
Sign Using the Digital Signature Tool Wizard
Call the digital signature tool signtool.exe that is located in your Microsoft SDK toolkit as shown below.
C:>"E:\Microsoft Platform SDK\Bin\signtool.exe" signwizard
Choose ‘custom’ in the digital signing options, as shown below.
Choose ‘Select from File’ option from this screen, and select the digital certificate that you have purchased.
Choose ‘Private key file on disk’ option and select the private key that was given to you when you purchased the digital certificate.
Choose ‘sha1’ as the hasing algorithm
Leave all the fields to default value in this screen.
Leave the description and web location field empty.
Add the following timestamp service URL:
This will successful sign the Microsoft executable with the digital signature. After the above steps, when you view the file properties, you’ll see the Digital-Signatures tab.