LDAP stands for Lightweight Directory Access Protocol.
LDAP is a solution to access centrally stored information over network. This centrally stored information is organized in a directory that follows X.500 standard.
The information is stored and organized in a hierarchical manner and the advantage of this approach is that the information can be grouped into containers and clients can access these containers whenever needed.
The OpenLDAP hierarchy is almost similar to the DNS hierarchy.
This tutorial explains the process of building useful multi-part commands piece by piece.
To build complex commands in the terminal, we need to understand piping. Piping is basically taking the output of one command and sending it to another command as input. This is done with the | (pipe) symbol.
Last month, a small project required me to repeatedly read similar XML files to provide test data for another program. I would have to do it so frequently that it would be annoying to have to download, save, parse and repeat. The basic requirements were:
Logstash is an open source central log file management application.
You can collect logs from multiple servers, multiple applications, parse those logs, and store it in a central place. Once it is stored, you can use a web GUI to search for logs, drill-down on the logs, and generate various reports.
This tutorial will explain the fundamentals of logstash and everything you need to know on how to install and configure logstash on your system.
When there is a security fix available for a particular software, we typically do a binary upgrade using the package management tools like yum or apt-get.
But, there might be situation where you have installed a software by compiling it from the source code.
In those situation, how do you apply the security fix to the software?
The answer is to download the security patch and apply it to the original source code and re-compile the software.
This tutorial explains how to create a patch file using diff, and apply it using patch command.
When you perform yum update, it will download the latest version of all the packages that are installed on your system, and upgrade them to the latest version.
You may be in situation where you might not want yum to automatically update one (or more) specific package.
In those situations, use the yum exclude option as shown in the examples below.
pidstat stands for PID Statistics.
This tool can monitor an individual process that is managed by kernel and generate a report. It can monitor either a specific PID (process id), or all the process running on the system.
pidstat is a part of sysstat utility.
This tool reports various statistics including CPU used by a process, disk usage statistics of a process, statistics for threads associated with selected tasks and child processes.
KVM stands for Kernel-based Virtual Machine.
As the name suggests, this is kernel based virtualization technology for Linux OS on hardware that supports virtualization.
The guest operating systems can be fully virtualized or para virtualized.