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10 Oracle SQLLDR Command Examples (Oracle SQL*Loader Tutorial)

If you are using Oracle database, at some point you might have to deal with uploading data to the tables from a text file.

This article provides 10 practical examples on how to upload data from a flat file to Oracle tables.

Input data file for SQL*Loader

This is the input text file that contains the data that needs to be loaded into an oracle table. Each and every records needs to be in a separate line, and the column values should be delimited by some common delimiter character. For some of the examples mentioned below, we’ll use the following employee.txt file to upload the data to the employee table.

$ cat employee.txt

SQL*Loader Control File

This contains the instructions to the sqlldr utility. This tells sqlldr the location of the input file, the format of the input file, and other optional meta data information required by the sqlldr to upload the data into oracle tables.

$ cat example1.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

The above control file indicates the following:

  • infile – Indicates the location of the input data file
  • into table – Indicates the table name where this data should be inserted
  • fields terminated by – Indicates the delimiter that is used in the input file to separate the fields
  • ( id, name, dept, salary ) – Lists the name of the column names in the table into which the data should be uploaded

1. Basic Upload Example Using SQL*Loader

First, create the employee table as shown below.

SQL> create table employee
  id integer,
  name varchar2(10),
  dept varchar2(15),
  salary integer,
  hiredon date

Next create the control file that explains what needs to be upload and where.

$ cat sqlldr-add-new.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

Note: If you have the values inside the data file enclosed with double quote, use this in your control file: fields terminated by “,” optionally enclosed by ‘”‘

Note: If you don’t have the table created, you’ll get the following error message:

SQL*Loader-941: Error during describe of table EMPLOYEE
ORA-04043: object EMPLOYEE does not exist

You can pass the userid and password to the sqlldr command using any one of the following format. As you see below, both of these will prompt you for control file location, as it was not given in the command line.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger


$ sqlldr userid=scott/tiger
control =
SQL*Loader-287: No control file name specified.

Execute the sqlldr command to upload these new record to the empty table by specifying both uid/pwd and the control file location as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-add-new.ctl
Commit point reached - logical record count 5

Verify the the records are created in the database

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- -------
       100 Thomas     Sales                 5000
       200 Jason      Technology            5500
       300 Mayla      Technology            7000
       400 Nisha      Marketing             9500
       500 Randy      Technology            6000

This will create the output log file in the same name as the data file, but with the .log extension (instead of .ctl). Partial output shown below.

$ cat sqlldr-add-new.log

Control File:   /home/ramesh/sqlldr-add-new.ctl
Data File:      /home/ramesh/employee.txt

  5 Rows successfully loaded.
  0 Rows not loaded due to data errors.
  0 Rows not loaded because all WHEN clauses were failed.
  0 Rows not loaded because all fields were null.

Elapsed time was:     00:00:00.04
CPU time was:         00:00:00.00

If you are new to Oracle database, and like to install it, follow this Oracle 11g installation guide.

2. Inserting Additional Records

Let us say you want to add two new employees to the employee table from the following newemployee.txt file.

$ vi newemployee.txt

If you create a similar control file like the previous example, you might get the following error message.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-add-more.ctl
SQL*Loader-601: For INSERT option, table must be empty.  Error on table EMPLOYEE

The above indicates that the table should be empty before you can upload data using sql*loader.

If you like to insert more data to the tables without having to delete the existing rows, use the “append’ command as shown in the following control file.

$ vi sqlldr-append-more.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/newemployee.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

Now, if you do sqlldr this will append the data.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-append-more.ctl
Commit point reached - logical record count 2

Verify that the records are appended successfully

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- -------
       100 Thomas     Sales                 5000
       200 Jason      Technology            5500
       300 Mayla      Technology            7000
       400 Nisha      Marketing             9500
       500 Randy      Technology            6000
       600 Ritu       Accounting            5400
       700 Jessica    Marketing             7800

3. Data inside the Control File using BEGINDATA

You can also specify the data directly inside the control file itself using BEGINDATA keyword. i.e Anything that comes after BEGINDATA will be treated as data to be uploaded to the table as shown below.

$ cat sqlldr-add-new-with-data.ctl
load data
 infile *
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

Note: The infile will say ‘*’ in this case, as there is no input data file name for this example.

Execute sqlldr to upload the data from the control file.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-add-new-with-data.ctl

4. Date format and Different Delimiter

This example shows how to specify a date format in the control file and how to handle different delimiters in a data file

The following example has different delimiters ($ after name, ^ after department).

$ cat employee-date.txt

Create the following control file and indicate the field delimiters for each and every field using “terminated by” as shown below.

$ cat sqlldr-date.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee-date.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name terminated by "$", dept terminated by "^", salary, hiredon DATE "dd-mon-yyyy" )

Load the data using sqlldr as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-date.ctl

Verify that the data got loaded properly as shown below.

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------
       100 Thomas     Sales                 5000 31-JAN-08
       200 Jason      Technology            5500 01-FEB-05
       300 Mayla      Technology            7000 10-AUG-00
       400 Nisha      Marketing             9500 12-DEC-11
       500 Randy      Technology            6000 01-JAN-07

5. Fixed Length Data Upload

If you have a data file without data that are fixed length (i.e without any delimiter), you can use this example to upload this data.

For this example, let us use the following file which has data that are of fixed length. For example, 1st three characters are always employee number, Next 5 characters are always employee name, etc.

$ cat employee-fixed.txt

Create the following control file, where you specific the position of each and every field as shown below usig the “Position(start:end)” syntax.

$ cat sqlldr-fixed.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee-fixed.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id position(1:3), name position(4:8), dept position(9:18), salary position(19:22) )

Load this fixed length data using the sqlldr as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-fixed.ctl

Verify that the data got loaded.

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------
       200 Jason      Technology            5500
       300 Mayla      Technology            7000
       400 Nisha      Technology            9500
       500 Randy      Technology            6000

6. Change the data during upload

You can also massage the data and change it during upload based on certain rules.

In the following control file:

  • id is incremented by 999 before uploading. i.e if the emp id is 100 in the data file, it will be loaded as 1099
  • Convert the name to upper case and load it. This uses the upper function.
  • If the department contains the value “Technology” change it to “Techies”. This uses decode function
$ cat sqlldr-change-data.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id ":id+999",
   name "upper(:name)",
   dept  "decode(:dept,'Technology','Techies', :dept)",

Load the data using this control file which will massage the data before uploading it.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-change-data.ctl

Verify that the data got changed while loading as per our rules.

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------
      1099 THOMAS     Sales                 5000
      1199 JASON      Techies               5500
      1299 MAYLA      Techies               7000
      1399 NISHA      Marketing             9500
      1499 RANDY      Techies               6000

7. Load data from multiple files

To load data from multiple files, you just have to specify multiple infile in the control file.

The following control file loads data from two different data files (employee.txt and newemployee.txt) to the employee table.

$ sqlldr-add-multiple.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee.txt'
 infile '/home/ramesh/newemployee.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

Load the data using this control file which will upload data from multiple data files as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-add-multiple.ctl
Commit point reached - logical record count 5
Commit point reached - logical record count 7

8. Load data to Multiple Tables

Create another table called bonus which will have employee id and bonus columns.

create table bonus
  ( id integer,
    bonus integer

Create the employee-bonus.txt data file that contains the fields: id, name, department, salary, bonus

$ cat employee-bonus.txt
100 Thomas Sales      5000 1000
200 Jason  Technology 5500 2000
300 Mayla  Technology 7000 2000
400 Nisha  Marketing  9500 1000
500 Randy  Technology 6000 3000

Create the control file as shown below, which will upload the data from the above file to two different tables. As shown below, you should have two “into table” commands, and specify the position of the data which needs to be used to upload the data to that column.

$ cat sqlldr-multiple-tables.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee-bonus.txt'
 into table employee
 ( id position(1:3),
   name position(5:10),
   dept position(12:21),
   salary position(23:26))
 into table bonus
 ( id position(1:3),
   bonus position(28:31))

Load the data to multiple tables using this control file as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-multiple-tables.ctl

Verify that the data got loaded to multiple tables successfully.

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------
       100 Thomas     Sales                 5000
       200 Jason      Technology            5500
       300 Mayla      Technology            7000
       400 Nisha      Marketing             9500
       500 Randy      Technology            6000

SQL> select * from bonus;

        ID      BONUS
---------- ----------
       100       1000
       200       2000
       300       2000
       400       1000
       500       3000

9. Handling Bad (Rejected) Records

In the following example, we have two bad records. Employee id 300 and 500 has salary column which is not numeric.

$ cat employee-bad.txt

Use the following control file for this example.

$ cat sqlldr-bad.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee-bad.txt'
 into table employee
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

Load the data (including the invalid records) using this control file as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-bad.ctl
Commit point reached - logical record count 5

As you see from the abvoe output, it still says “logical record count 5”, but you should check the log files to see if it has rejected any records.

The log file indicates that 2 records are rejected as shown below:

Control File:   /home/ramesh/sqlldr-bad.ctl
Data File:      /home/ramesh/employee-bad.txt
  Bad File:     /home/ramesh/employee-bad.bad
  Discard File:  none specified

  3 Rows successfully loaded.
  2 Rows not loaded due to data errors.

By default the rejected records are stored in a file that has the same name as the data file (but with .bad extension)

$ cat employee-bad.bad

As you see below, the employee table has only 3 records (as 2 of them were rejected).

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------
       100 Thomas     Sales                 5000
       200 Jason      Technology            5500
       400 Nisha      Marketing             9500

10. Load Specific Rows from a datafile

If you want to load only a specific records from a data file use the WHEN in the control file.

Add the line “when” next to “into table” line. In the following control file, the when clause indicates that it will load only the records that have dept as “Technology”.

$ cat sqlldr-when.ctl
load data
 infile '/home/ramesh/employee.txt'
 into table employee
 when dept = 'Technology'
 fields terminated by ","
 ( id, name, dept, salary )

Load the selective data (only the “Technology” records) using this control file as shown below.

$ sqlldr scott/tiger control=/home/ramesh/sqlldr-when.ctl
Commit point reached - logical record count 5

As you see from the above output, it still says “logical record count 5”, but you should check the log files to see how many records were loaded, and how many records were discarded because it didn’t match the when condition.

The following from the log file shows that 5 records were read, and 2 of them were discarded as it didn’t match the when condition.

Discard File:  none specified
Total logical records read:             5
Total logical records discarded:        2

Verify that only the selective records were loaded into the table.

SQL> select * from employee;

        ID NAME       DEPT                SALARY HIREDON
---------- ---------- --------------- ---------- ---------
       200 Jason      Technology            5500
       300 Mayla      Technology            7000
       500 Randy      Technology            6000
Add your comment

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Comments on this entry are closed.

  • Nice June 25, 2012, 9:42 am

    I will be reading Oracle & PL/SQL next month.
    Thanks for the article.

  • hdaz June 25, 2012, 10:16 am

    Great Post.. thanks for the examples 🙂

  • Prasath June 25, 2012, 9:54 pm

    This is Nice….

    We Need More Examples Like This……..


  • pathum June 26, 2012, 1:02 am

    excellent article i love your all post
    thanks for all

  • Lin Thein Naing July 13, 2012, 2:22 am

    Really awesome!!!! Appreciate ….

  • Manjula July 23, 2012, 2:18 pm

    Question. My data file has 30 columns. The table has 38 columns. I need to pick only 3 columns from the data file (5th, 10th and 25th column) and load into the table (column 3rd, 9th and 16th column of table). How do I do this? Any Idea?

  • Prithviraj July 30, 2012, 7:31 am

    @Ramesh: Awesome article. Very simple language and understandable examples. Thanks for sharing. I have few questions for you:
    1) In example 8, terminated clause is not mentioned, because fields are terminated by space. So by derfault spaces are considered as delimiters?
    2) I read that Badfile can be explicitly specified using clause ‘BADFILE filename.extension’. But on some links I see it mentioned as ‘BAD=file.extension’
    Which one is correct.
    3) On link below:
    it is mentioned that, bad file can be diabled by setting BAD=NUL (in windows) or redirecting bad output to /dev/null (on linux). Is it possible? I do not see any references on oracle site for this.

    Ramesh has explained answer to your question in example 8.

  • Prithviraj July 30, 2012, 7:46 am

    Hello Ramesh,
    Regarding disabling bad files i confirmed. In windows it can be done using: BADFILE NUL
    And in linux it can be done using: BADFILE /dev/null

  • Rohit K August 5, 2012, 3:00 am

    Hi Ramesh,

    This is simply superb 😀

    I need your help in loading the single file where the scenario quite clumsy for me:

    The data file sale_exec.dat:
    X |20120101 | 200 | 20
    X |20120101 | 400 | 30
    Y |20120303 | 300 |40
    Z |20120303 | 20 |50

    The table structure is :

    1. The data within the file sales_exec.dat has to be loaded into the table SALES
    2. When CUST_TYP is X the Vendorid should be 1 , when Y it should load vendor ID with 2 and similarly when it is Z then Vendor ID should be 3
    3. When the CUST_TYP is X and Y I need to load the records with the AMT in the data file into the SALES table AMOUNT field
    4. When the CUST_TYP is Z then I need to load the records with the DISCOUNT_AMT in the data file into the SALES table AMOUNT FIELD

    The table data from the Data file after load should look like below:
    1 |20120101 | 200
    1 |20120101 | 400
    2 |20120303 | 300
    3 |20120303 | 50

    Please let me know how should I proceed further and what should be my cntl file.

    Thanks in advance!


  • Prithviraj August 6, 2012, 5:45 am

    This is not possible using SQL loaders. Because data type of VendorId is numeric and from infile you are getting characters. You have two approches here:
    1) Either you process your infile first and replace X by 1, y by 2, z by 3. Then use SQL loader using when condition to check what vendoe id is it and amount column should take what value. OR
    2) You need to use external tables and SQL functions in this scenario.

  • Rohit K August 6, 2012, 9:36 am

    Thank You Prithviraj .

    We can do it using a control file this way.

    I tried using the boundfiller,decodes and my CONTROL file will look like this:
    VENDORID “to_number(DECODE(:c1,’X’,1,’Y’,2,3))”,
    AMOUNT “to_number(DECODE(:c1,’Z’,c3,c2))”

    This worked good for me.

    Thank You once again.

    Rohit K

  • SantoshCA September 4, 2012, 5:06 am

    Hi Ramesh,
    this is a very good writeup! Is there anything more advanced which SQLLDR can handle? Would be great if you could write something on this too.

  • Jurgen October 26, 2012, 4:04 am

    HI all,
    I wanted too load mulitple files into the same tables from different ctl files for test work. The problem is i need to be able too identify the different files loaded in de database.
    For example :
    file1.ctl needs to be de name in de database under for example column ‘filename’
    file2.ctl needs to be de name in de database under for example column ‘filename’


    1 |20120101 | 200 |file1.ctl
    1 |20120101 | 400 |file2.ctl

    Anyone knows how i can get this accomplished.

    Kind regards,


  • Mahes Tripathi November 6, 2012, 5:44 am

    Thanks for giving such valuable examples. Could you please give one example of control file to upload data in a file and then call a procedure to implement some logic and populate main table.

  • souji November 23, 2012, 7:01 pm

    Very nice article.
    Better understandable format. Explained well.
    We need more examples like this.

  • souji November 23, 2012, 7:16 pm

    Hi All,

    I have a flatfile(notepad), which has data not in order, fields separated by space, that too not orderly separated. Between fields there is space, but not ordered one. like

    consultant name vendor details email contact end client
    David Raj jason Roy jasonroy@example.com (010) 110-1101 CAAM

    above line, you can notice that there is no specified space between fields. i have nearly 7000 rows of data in notepad. I tried using field terminated by space but, it has taken the entire row of data from notepad as a single column data in table, remaining fields in table are empty.

    In this case is there any kind of solution/control file format to load the data into tables. It would be great if anyone can solve my problem.


  • sanchit December 13, 2012, 7:52 pm

    very nice tutorial…. great job

  • Kenneth Y January 10, 2013, 1:34 pm

    Wow! Excellent guide!

  • Dhawal Limbuwala January 24, 2013, 5:33 am

    Hi I Am Doing Computer Science And This Helps Me To Lot Thank You So Much.

  • ashok March 6, 2013, 4:36 am

    nice tutorial ….simple to understand..

  • Imteyaz March 14, 2013, 2:48 pm

    Very good post! Appreciate it!!!

  • Naveen March 29, 2013, 1:54 pm

    Great Explanation , simple and clear.

  • Naresh April 5, 2013, 11:18 am

    I have a excel sheet, with no comma separated, and not enclosed in “..
    its just normal excel sheet with data for 7 columns..

    Can anyone tell me how to load it…

  • Ashok May 13, 2013, 11:26 pm

    Nic explanation

  • Praveen Kumar July 23, 2013, 8:45 pm

    The article is very good and easily understandable.

  • praveen July 31, 2013, 6:42 am

    was really helpfull!

  • rajesh August 21, 2013, 12:05 am

    Nice explanation…, thank you so much!

  • Muhd Islam August 24, 2013, 1:25 pm

    Its great explanation ….

  • Gauthama P August 28, 2013, 4:41 am


  • charan September 11, 2013, 12:40 am

    its very useful helpful for starters… thanks for a very simple explanation

  • Shivanand September 11, 2013, 6:35 am

    Nice article ..Thanks !

  • Vivek V September 27, 2013, 6:06 am

    Really nice article

  • Aabid October 17, 2013, 1:30 am

    very-2 nice example

  • CRP October 23, 2013, 1:24 pm

    Greate article, thank you for sharing.

  • Prasad October 29, 2013, 12:27 am

    After executing this below command from oracle forms6 sqlldr80 does not resume back to form, it remains there cursor blinking after Commit point reached – logical record count 10. It started from last week only, never happend before… dont know what made to act like this?

    sqlldr80 USERID=kaps/kaps@kaporacle CONTROL=I:\load.CTL LOG=I:\LoadLOG.LOG BAD=I:\LoadBAD.BAD

    Is there any way to terminate the control file i mean to exit sqlldr and come back to DOS prompt? It is not coming out of sqlldr mode… but inserting data is done perfectly.. any help appreciated…

  • Satya October 31, 2013, 4:31 am

    Very Nice !!!!!! BUT how to load default value to a field.

  • Uday November 28, 2013, 5:29 am

    I have a different scenario. I have a table with 5 columns, c1, c2, c3, c4, c5 and a csv file has 6 columns, a,c1,c2,c3,c4,c5. I would like to load c1 to c5 columns data from the csv file to c1 to c5 columns in the table. Can we skip columns any columns from csv or can we map csv columns to table columns in the loader control file ?

  • Uday November 28, 2013, 5:55 am

    I got it. Keeping FILLER keyword to the right of column name would skip the column:

    For e.g.:

    INFILE ‘source.csv’
    BADFILE ‘source.csv.bad’
    DISCARDFILE ‘source.csv.dsc’
    INTO TABLE tab_name
    ( a FILLER

  • Rajiv January 9, 2014, 10:42 am

    Nice doc

  • annuj January 10, 2014, 8:25 am

    how to insert last n rows from a data file through control file in sql loader?

  • N S KRISHNA February 5, 2014, 11:48 pm

    How to insert alternate rows into two different tables. I mean to insert 1,3,5,7,9,…… Records into Table1 and 2,4,6,8,10,….. into Table 2. Is there any option to build control to achieve this? Please let me know.
    Thank You

  • vikram March 4, 2014, 2:33 pm

    simply great !!! Thank u so much….

  • anudeep March 14, 2014, 3:41 am

    nice article

  • Prasanna Suri March 17, 2014, 1:33 am

    Nice way to explain the things….great work:)

  • phani April 9, 2014, 6:56 am

    Very good!!!! good knowledge…

  • Tushar Sharma April 16, 2014, 8:10 am


    Thanks for great article, Is there any way to write control file with
    update statements. I want to update few records. Is there any way around ?


  • M.Ayaz April 18, 2014, 9:05 am

    very nice and informative.

  • Mayur June 2, 2014, 8:14 am

    If I have too many columns which is not a feasible option to write each and every… how can this be done??
    Can anyone please suggest

  • Pratibha June 9, 2014, 3:03 am

    Article was really helpful. Easy and simple examples to understand. Please post such articles on daily basis.

  • Tushar June 20, 2014, 3:18 pm

    Thanx. I learned a lot here.

  • Vinoth June 30, 2014, 6:02 am

    Simple and Best ..
    Easy to Learn

  • MANOJ REDDY July 4, 2014, 10:32 am

    i am learned with half an hour.
    thank you very much

  • Sudhakar July 11, 2014, 4:26 am

    Hi All,

    Thanks for the wonderful sharing. I am stuck here. hope someone can help me.
    I am trying to upload a flat file(824 rows) in an oracle db but i am getting an error.

    load data
    infile ‘/sit/bcpr/bcpdata/ETL/SUDS/hk_stg_finiq_cust_acct.txt’
    into table ABC123
    fields terminated by “,” optionally enclosed by ‘”‘ TRAILING NULLCOLS

    SQL*Loader: Release – Production on Fri Jul 11 17:56:59 2014

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.

    SQL*Loader-350: Syntax error at line 16388.
    Expecting keyword INTO, found “)”.
    plase help me

  • siva July 16, 2014, 6:25 am

    Thanks..it easy to understand to New guys also….

  • shakeer July 24, 2014, 4:31 am

    U forgot to mension insert command before into.

  • Anonymous July 30, 2014, 12:31 pm

    Good Example on SQL Loader.

  • prawin December 1, 2014, 4:07 pm

    i have db background but my knowledge about sql loader is not that great.
    my question is if i have data file.. say the order of coumns in
    loader file is val1,val2,val3,val4… so on
    what should be the order/sequence of the columns in my control file..
    should it be val1,val2,val3,val4..??
    what if i have a column as filler,…
    finally how does the order of columns in table comes in to play..
    thanks in advance, i know these are very basic questions but.. i need
    them for my current job requires requires dealing with lot of data loads.

  • SheFixesThings December 24, 2014, 2:41 pm

    Thank you! I was able to figure out a few things that I was missing but need one more thing that I’m surprised isn’t mentioned here.

    I would love to see an example of how to append a wildcard onto an INFILE statement. Let’s say that you have a filename that is automatically generated from another source for EACH day. Coding the parms for the date are simple, and ideally there should only be one file for the day so the last part of the filename is a timestamp that would be impossible to determine since it’s a 3rd-party source.

    For example, today’s filename is: AUTOLOAD2014M141224_100038012.csv

    On the CTL file, the INFILE is set as…

    INFILE ‘L:\MyFolder\MySubFolder\IMPORT\AUTOLOAD\AUTOLOAD2014M\%getMyParm%*.csv’

    the BAT file has this to build getMyParm up to the day of the month
    SET YEAR=%DATE:~10,4%
    SET MONTH=%DATE:~4,2%
    SET DAY=%DATE:~7,2%
    SET DASH=_
    SET WILD=*.csv

    –SQLLDR command is:

    At manual execution, I receive this…

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

    SQL*Loader-500: Unable to open file (L:\MyFolder\MySubFolder\IMPORT\AUTOLOAD\AUTOLOAD2014M\AUTOLOAD2014M141224_*.csv)
    SQL*Loader-554: error opening file
    SQL*Loader-509: System error: The device does not recognize the command.
    SQL*Loader-2026: the load was aborted because SQL Loader cannot continue.

    I would think it would recognize a * per other CMD forums I checked. I even tried hardcoding the *.csv on the INFILE within the CTL but that returns the same result and the same error.

    Any ideas as to what it’s seeing and interpretting?

    Thank you

  • Ramana December 30, 2014, 7:50 am

    i have tow tables Stage1 and Stage2 how to load stage1 data into Stage2 in sql loader.
    pls help me any one….

  • vikash kumar April 14, 2015, 5:07 am

    while coding in shell script and need to run script in other ip. So, we do ssh but i don’t want to hard code password. So is there any alternate way to do this in shell scripting

  • Anonymous May 15, 2015, 7:34 am

    Can not be more better than this article about SQL*Loader. I really loved it..

  • Anonymous May 18, 2015, 7:43 am


  • SHARATH June 6, 2015, 8:18 am

    Good article !!! Good explanation with examples !!1

  • Vivek June 11, 2015, 2:11 pm

    Awesome post!

  • Lajpat Kurdiya July 23, 2015, 3:10 am

    The BEST article on SQL*Loader…with great examples

  • Bhaskar Reddy August 5, 2015, 4:25 am

    Good article with examples.Every one can understand easily.

  • Pravin Singh August 27, 2015, 1:20 am

    Great Job! Thanks..

  • prakash September 8, 2015, 11:41 pm

    You helped lot of people to understand what actually the sql loader is and how it works…Thanks from all of us…Keep post your articels..

  • Vaibhav September 21, 2015, 10:12 pm

    My column is shipped date and data type is date but at some place it has written null that’s why in my particular table data wasn’t show please help how can I overcome this.

  • durga October 5, 2015, 6:24 am

    Hi Ramesh,
    As per my requirement Sql* loader should not enter a single record into table if even one row contain wrong data….

  • Anonymous October 6, 2015, 1:47 am

    can we load the data from a single OS file into multiple tables without using data positions

  • ANKIT December 10, 2015, 10:52 pm

    Awesome tutorial………..Helped lot 🙂

  • VIVEK February 11, 2016, 3:20 am

    Very Very Usefull.
    Thanks alot….

  • Brindhavi March 30, 2016, 7:55 am

    Very good explanation! will do good for beginners as I am 🙂

  • Sreenivasula Reddy vayalpati May 19, 2016, 6:01 am

    very nice artical ramesh,thanku very much

  • mee May 31, 2016, 11:25 pm

    great post !! . thanks it is much useful to beginners

  • Himanshu July 3, 2016, 6:03 am

    It would be very kind if you help me as you have done it in recent past. So I want to know the following questions to be answered:

    1. How do we insert one value(field) into multiple(different) columns in sql loader.

    2. Describe in Detail the following:
    I: Trailing by nullcols.
    II: Optionally closed by.

  • Nagaraj@Nagushanu December 3, 2016, 1:36 pm

    Thanks a lot!

    very useful to us……

  • siva December 20, 2016, 12:36 pm

    Much better article, very helpful SQLLDR Examples

  • Anonymous December 29, 2016, 1:13 pm

    good examples

  • Hemant January 15, 2017, 8:54 am

    Nice examples. Thanks!

  • Vani January 24, 2017, 9:29 am

    Very informative. Good examples to understand the concept easily for beginners. Thank you

  • satti durga January 24, 2017, 11:55 pm

    Very good explanation! will do good for beginners as I am 🙂

    1.how to change control file name
    2.how to sent dynamic values
    please explain these two

  • Rishu February 3, 2017, 8:56 am

    Excellent post.

  • Archana February 10, 2017, 6:16 am

    I have updated oracle version to 11g. But while executing vb file it is taking 10g version.Please tell me where can i get path to oracle while executing vb file.

  • sowmya March 23, 2017, 5:29 am

    Hi Ramesh,
    I am trying to load the fixed width file to temp table using control file but getting below error:

    SQL*Loader-350: Syntax error at line 4.
    Expecting ")", ":" or "-", found ",".
    lrec_type                      position(1,1)                  CHAR "(:lrec_type)",
    Here is the ctl file:
    Load data
    insert into table Temp_RCS_Authority_Limits
    	         lrec_type			position(1,1)           	CHAR "(:lrec_type)",
    		 lofficer_code			position(2,6)           	CHAR "(:lofficer_code)",
    		 laulg_number			position(7,13)			CHAR "(:laulg_number)",
    		 luser_name_temp		position(14,43)			CHAR "case when TRIM(:lrec_type) = '1' then TRIM(:luser_name_temp) END",
    		 lfirst_name			position(44,73)			CHAR "(:lfirst_name)",
    		 llast_name			position(74,103)		CHAR "(:llast_name)",
    		 lprimary_phone			position(104,123)		CHAR "(:lprimary_phone)",
    		 lsec_phone			position(124,143)		CHAR "(:lsec_phone)",
    		 lfax				position(144,163)		CHAR "(:lfax)",
    		 lpager_cell			position(164,183)		CHAR "(:lpager_cell)",
    		 loff_appvl_lmt_str		position(184,198)		CHAR "(:loff_appvl_lmt_str)"